Hardware shutdown switch for RPi

Sometimes I need to power off one of my Raspberry Pis, and since I run these computers headless, going to a remote SSH terminal to issue a shutdown command can be extra work. I saw a webpage mentioning using a simple 2 pin jumper to initiate a shutdown script for the Pi. So that’s what I did (green tab on the GPIO pins), I chose python due to the wait_for_edge function.

This script will shutdown the RPi when the tab is pulled. Strangely the RPi will boot if you plug the jumper back in after it has shutdown, or if you pull it out after it has completed shut down (putting it back before it has completed shutting down). If there is no jumper in during boot, then the script will close.

#!/usr/bin/env python
#note crontab for superuser required a new PATH variable as here http://unix.stackexchange.com/questions/43392#answer-43394
import subprocess
try:
 import RPi.GPIO as GPIO
except RuntimeError:
 print("Error importing RPi.GPIO! This is probably because you need superuser privileges. You can achieve this by using 'sudo' to run your script")

#http://raspberrypi.stackexchange.com/questions/12966/what-is-the-difference-between-board-and-bcm-for-gpio-pin-numbering
GPIO.setmode(GPIO.BOARD)
GPIO.setup(5, GPIO.IN) #Hardware Pullup on this pin..

ShutdownCommand = ['shutdown', '-h', 'now', '"System halted by GPIO action"']

if GPIO.input(5) == 0:
 #run script waiting for jumper removal
 GPIO.wait_for_edge(5, GPIO.RISING)
 GPIO.remove_event_detect(5)
 KillProcess = subprocess.Popen(ShutdownCommand, stdout=subprocess.PIPE, stderr=subprocess.STDOUT)
 MountData, MountError = KillProcess.communicate()
 GPIO.cleanup() 
else:
 GPIO.cleanup()

Then I simply added this script to the bottom of my root crontab (sudo crontab -e) to run at reboot:

@reboot python /usr/local/sbin/ShutdownJumper.py

Monitoring RPi Temp and CPU with Thingspeak

I made the following python script to update CPU Temperature and 5 minute average CPU load of my RPi to Thingspeak:

#!/usr/bin/env python
import subprocess
import httplib, urllib

GetTempCommand = "cat /sys/class/thermal/thermal_zone0/temp"
GetCPUCommand = "cat /proc/loadavg"

GetTempProcess = subprocess.Popen(GetTempCommand.split(), stdout=subprocess.PIPE)
GetTempOutput = GetTempProcess.communicate()[0]
Temp = float(GetTempOutput) / 1000
#print Temp
GetCPUProcess = subprocess.Popen(GetCPUCommand.split(), stdout=subprocess.PIPE)
GetCPUOutput = GetCPUProcess.communicate()[0]
CPU = GetCPUOutput.split()
#print CPU[1]

params = urllib.urlencode({'field1': CPU[1],'field2': Temp, 'key':'######'})     # use your API key generated in the thingspeak channels for the value of 'key'
# temp is the data you will be sending to the thingspeak channel for plotting the graph. You can add more than one channel and plot more graphs
headers = {"Content-typZZe": "application/x-www-form-urlencoded","Accept": "text/plain"}
conn = httplib.HTTPConnection("api.thingspeak.com:80")                
try:
    conn.request("POST", "/update", params, headers)
    response = conn.getresponse()
    data = response.read()
    conn.close()
except:
    print "connection failed"

The script is run every 5 mins using cron ($ crontab -e):

*/5 * * * * python "/home/ubuntu/logging/TempCPUtoThingspeak.py"

I borrowed some script from here and here.

Raspbian on RPi3 for NAS

Note: I have swapped the RPi3 for a RPi2 due to Ubuntu compatibility. Even the supported RPi2 with Ubuntu is proving problematic, I want to move to something more reliable.

20161025_134850
Using a Western Digital PiDrive Cable to power the setup.
  • Raspbian comes with default user:pass = pi:raspbian so this needs to be changed
  • I confirmed SSH was installed and working.
  • Following these instructions;
    • I installed ufw
      sudo apt-get install ufw
      sudo ufw allow ssh
      etc..
    • I confirmed NTP configuration.
  • Installed autoupdates, similar to this with different config.
  • Installed postfix, kind of like this.
  • the rest of the steps are basically the same that I used for Ubuntu – except that there isn’t a proper Ubuntu release for RPI3 yet.

rsync on a GoFlex Home NAS

So the GoFlex home UI is pretty crap, it sure as hell doesn’t have a rsync deamon. Until now. This summer…. etc

So I want to send Synology backups to the old GoFlex NAS.

Here’s how I did it:

Take Drive plastic off, replace 2TB drive with 3TB drive.

Reformat. (and gain SSH root).

Install  and config rsync .
      • Install package manager.
      • Add rsync:
        sudo ipkg install rsync
      • Config rsync daemon. In mine I set the path to a symlink for a users private shared folder, and added settings for that user.
        I started the daemon with
        sudo /opt/etc/init.d/S57rsyncd start
        and played with this until it was reachable from my Synology (some celebrations may have been had)
      • I made a symlink for the rsync opt init script in the system init folder:
        sudo ln -s /home/opt/etc/init.d/S57rsyncd /etc/rc.d/init.d/rsyncd
      • Then symlinked that with a startup link in runlevel 3.
        sudo ln -s /etc/rc.d/init.d/rsyncd /etc/rc.d/rc3.d/S57rsyncd
    • Holy Macrol, it appears to work!

 

RPi GPIO: Adding switches and lights

Goal:

Create a pair of LED’s and push buttons on my RPi which can run scripts. ?One will shut down the Pi (updated here), the other will rsync a directory to a USB. Also I will read the status of a UPS. This may/will become more complicated since the UPS doesn’t have any useful interface (requiring an Arduino to:

  • Watch the UPS battery voltage and tell the RPi to power down.
  • Monitor whether mains power is applied.
  • Once mains is re-powered, restart the RPi after a UPS shut down using the hardware reset pins on the Pi.)
Instructions:
  1. As in these RPi ubuntu instructions I installed python.. I removed sudo from the last command to make the command output happy
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get upgrade
sudo apt-get install python-pip
pip install RPi.GPIO
  1. Initially I set up a breadboard as in this youtube video (using the linked files)
    from time import sleep
    import RPi.GPIO as GPIO
    GPIO.setmode(GPIO.BOARD)
    GPIO.setup(12, GPIO.OUT)
    while 1:
     GPIO.output(12, False)
     sleep(1)
     GPIO.output(12, True)
     sleep(1)

    Continue reading “RPi GPIO: Adding switches and lights”

Rooting my Galaxy S4 GT-i9505 running Lollipop

This process has so far hit a few hurdles – initially I tried to use the CyanogenMod instructions although these just lead me to a bunch of problems… (not updated for lollipop ((also this wouldn’t have necessarily rooted the phone)) etc), but it looks like I’ve got it successfully working. Here’s how:

  1. I used the latest ‘Odin’ which can set the device to load a recovery file.
  2. I moved the stable .zip release of SuperSU from here onto the phones SD card.
  3. Shut down the Galaxy, then boot to ‘download’ mode by holding the volume down + home key+ power key at the same time.
  4. I loaded philz touch recovery GT-I9505, from these instructions. I should really spin up a VM if I’m going to download random software from… dropbox :/
    • basically once the phone is connected to odin in download mode, click the AP button and select the philz touch file – probably should have found a better source for this file :/ . Also under options auto reboot was selected. This just means as soon as the file is loaded it will reboot. At this time you need to hold volume up+ home key+ power key at the same time to boot into the philz touch recovery
    • I accidentally read method 3 and applied step 7 from Method 3. Seems ok..
    • I loaded the SuperSU .zip from the SD card, noting that I downloaded SuperSU from here.. which doesn’t seem totally un-reputable
    • Rebooted the phone using the reboot option and installed SuperSU from google play (I also installed f.lux to help my sleeping pattern).

EDIT: looks like I broke wifi so I then installed cyanogen using the recovery boot with Odin (after a factory reset in recovery mode)
After Wifi broke I needed to perform a factory reset using recovery mode in order to get Cyanogen to work. Which I’m kinda stoked it did. Now I’m installing the google play store.

So that didn’t work.. Trying the latest cyogenmod (release version). Now for the corresponding Open Gapps.. keyboard doesn’t work (maybe could try a different Gapps version, or the latest nightly cyogen (more stable lol?))..
Now for Google Play Edition 5.1 | Untouched.. wipe system in recovery mode, install from .zip on SD card.. again.. reboot system.. and… ooh new loading screen. take that Telstra.

So far so good, although I’m assuming the phone will want to restart every-time the sim card is disconnected, which is usually a couple times per day.. Something that cyogenmod would allow me to ignore. New Sim in the mail, so we’ll see. I won’t be installing another SIM reader any time soon.

Grass is always greener, I kinda want cyogenmod now :/ hmm we’ll see.